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Aurochs definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

AU'ROCHS, n. A species of ox, whose bones are found in gravel and alluvial soil.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: European bison having a smaller and higher head than the North American bison [syn: wisent, aurochs, Bison bonasus]
2: large recently extinct long-horned European wild ox; considered one of the ancestors of domestic cattle [syn: aurochs, urus, Bos primigenius]

Merriam Webster's

noun (plural aurochs) Etymology: German, from Old High German ?rohso, from ?ro aurochs + ohso ox; akin to Old English ?r aurochs more at ox Date: 1766 an extinct large long-horned wild ox (Bos primigenius) of Europe that is the ancestor of domestic cattle

Britannica Concise

Extinct wild ox (Bos primigenius) of Europe, the species from which cattle are probably descended. The aurochs survived in central Poland until 1627. It was black, stood 6 ft (1.8 m) high at the shoulder, and had spreading, forward-curving horns. Some German breeders claim to have re-created this race since 1945, but their animals are smaller and probably lack the aurochs's genetic constitution. The name has sometimes been wrongly applied to the European bison.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. (pl. same) an extinct wild ox, Bos primigenius, ancestor of domestic cattle and formerly native to many parts of the world. Also called URUS. Etymology: G f. OHG urohso f. ur- urus + ohso ox

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Aurochs Au"rochs ([add]"r[o^]ks), n. [G. auerochs, OHG. [=u]rohso; [=u]r (cf. AS. [=u]r) + ohso ox, G. ochs. Cf. Owre, Ox.] (Zo["o]l.) The European bison (Bison bonasus, or Europ[ae]us), once widely distributed, but now nearly extinct, except where protected in the Lithuanian forests, and perhaps in the Caucasus. It is distinct from the Urus of C[ae]sar, with which it has often been confused.




 


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