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Artichoke definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

'ARTICHOKE, n. [Gr.; L. carduus, chard, thistle, corrupted.]
A plant somewhat resembling a thistle, with a dilated, imbricated and prickly calyx. The head is large, rough and scaly, on an upright stalk. It is composed of numerous, oval scales, inclosing the florets, sitting on a broad receptacle, which, with the fleshy base of the scales, is the eatable part of the plant.
The Jerusalem artichoke is a species of sunflower or helianthus.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head [syn: artichoke, globe artichoke, artichoke plant, Cynara scolymus]
2: a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart [syn: artichoke, globe artichoke]

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Italian dialect articiocco, ultimately from Arabic al-khursh?f the artichoke Date: 1530 1. a tall Mediterranean composite herb (Cynara scolymus) resembling a thistle with coarse pinnately incised leaves; also its edible immature flower head which is cooked as a vegetable 2. Jerusalem artichoke

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. 1 a European plant, Cynara scolymus, allied to the thistle. 2 (in full globe artichoke) the flower-head of the artichoke, the bracts of which have edible bases (see also JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE). Etymology: It. articiocco f. Arab. al-karsufa

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Artichoke Ar"ti*choke, n. [It. articiocco, perh. corrupted fr. the same word as carciofo; cf. older spellings archiciocco, archicioffo, carciocco, and Sp. alcachofa, Pg. alcachofra; prob. fr. Ar. al-harshaf, al-kharsh[=u]f.] (Bot.) 1. The Cynara scolymus, a plant somewhat resembling a thistle, with a dilated, imbricated, and prickly involucre. The head (to which the name is also applied) is composed of numerous oval scales, inclosing the florets, sitting on a broad receptacle, which, with the fleshy base of the scales, is much esteemed as an article of food. 2. See Jerusalem artichoke.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(artichokes) 1. Artichokes or globe artichokes are round green vegetables that have fleshy leaves arranged like the petals of a flower. N-VAR 2. see also Jerusalem artichoke


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