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Array definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

ARRA'Y, n.
1. Order; disposition in regular lines; as an army in battle array. Hence a posture of defense.
2. Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person.
3. In law, the act of impaneling a jury; or a jury impaneled; that is, a jury set in order by the sheriff, or called man by man.
Commission of array, in English history, was a commission given by the prince to officers in every county, to muster and array the inhabitants, or see them in a condition for war.
ARRA'Y, v.t.
1. To place or dispose in order, as troops for battle.
2. To deck or dress; to adorn with dress; it is applied especially to dress of a splendid kind.
Array thyself with glory. Job 40.
Pharaoh arrayed Joseph with fine linen. Genesis 41.
3. To set a jury in order for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them man by man.
4. To envelop.
In gelid caves with horrid glooms arrayed.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: an orderly arrangement; "an array of troops in battle order"
2: an impressive display; "it was a bewildering array of books"; "his tools were in an orderly array on the basement wall"
3: especially fine or decorative clothing [syn: array, raiment, regalia]
4: an arrangement of aerials spaced to give desired directional characteristics v
1: lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line; "lay out the clothes"; "lay out the arguments" [syn: range, array, lay out, set out]
2: align oneself with a group or a way of thinking [syn: align, array]

Merriam Webster's

I. transitive verb Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French arraier, from Vulgar Latin *arredare, from Latin ad- + a base of Germanic origin; akin to Gothic garaiths arranged — more at ready Date: 14th century 1. to dress or decorate especially in splendid or impressive attire ; adorn <he had already arrayed himself in his best clothes — Thomas Hardy> 2. a. to set or place in order ; draw up, marshal <the forces arrayed against us> b. to set or set forth in order (as a jury) for the trial of a cause 3. to arrange or display in or as if in an array <the…data are arrayed in descending order — Ed Burnett> • arrayer noun II. noun Date: 14th century 1. a. a regular and imposing grouping or arrangement ; order <lined up…in soldierly array — Donald Barthelme> b. an orderly listing of jurors impaneled 2. a. clothing, attire b. rich or beautiful apparel ; finery 3. a body of soldiers ; militia <the baron and his feudal array> 4. an imposing group ; large number <faced a whole array of problems>; also variety, assortment <a broad array of styles> 5. a. (1) a number of mathematical elements arranged in rows and columns (2) a data structure in which similar elements of data are arranged in a table b. a series of statistical data arranged in classes in order of magnitude 6. a group of elements forming a complete unit <an antenna array>

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. & v. --n. 1 an imposing or well-ordered series or display. 2 an ordered arrangement, esp. of troops (battle array). 3 poet. an outfit or dress (in fine array). 4 a Math. an arrangement of quantities or symbols in rows and columns; a matrix. b Computing an ordered set of related elements. 5 Law a list of jurors empanelled. --v.tr. 1 deck, adorn. 2 set in order; marshal (forces). 3 Law empanel (a jury). Etymology: ME f. AF araier, OF areer ult. f. a Gmc root, = prepare

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Array Ar*ray", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Arrayed; p. pr. & vb. n. Arraying.] [OE. araien, arraien, fr. OE. arraier, arreier, arreer, arroier, fr. arrai. See Array, n.] 1. To place or dispose in order, as troops for battle; to marshal. By torch and trumpet fast arrayed, Each horseman drew his battle blade. --Campbell. These doubts will be arrayed before their minds. --Farrar. 2. To deck or dress; to adorn with dress; to cloth to envelop; -- applied esp. to dress of a splendid kind. Pharaoh . . . arrayed him in vestures of fine linen. --Gen. xli.?. In gelid caves with horrid gloom arrayed. --Trumbull. 3. (Law) To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them man by man. --Blackstone. To array a panel, to set forth in order the men that are impaneled. --Cowell. --Tomlins. Syn: To draw up; arrange; dispose; set in order.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Array Ar*ray", n. [OE. arai, arrai, OF. arrai, arrei, arroi, order, arrangement, dress, F. arroi; a (L. ad) + OF. rai, rei, roi, order, arrangement, fr. G. or Scand.; cf. Goth. raidjan, garaidjan, to arrange, MHG. gereiten, Icel. rei[eth]i rigging, harness; akin to E. ready. Cf. Ready, Greith, Curry.] 1. Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle; as, drawn up in battle array. Wedged together in the closest array. --Gibbon. 2. The whole body of persons thus placed in order; an orderly collection; hence, a body of soldiers. A gallant array of nobles and cavaliers. --Prescott. 3. An imposing series of things. Their long array of sapphire and of gold. --Byron. 4. Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person; rich or beautiful apparel. --Dryden. 5. (Law) (a) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impaneled in a cause. (b) The panel itself. (c) The whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court. To challenge the array (Law), to except to the whole panel. --Cowell. --Tomlins. --Blount. Commission of array (Eng. Hist.), a commission given by the prince to officers in every county, to muster and array the inhabitants, or see them in a condition for war. --Blackstone.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(arrays) 1. An array of different things or people is a large number or wide range of them. As the deadline approached she experienced a bewildering array of emotions... N-COUNT-COLL: usu sing, N of n 2. An array of objects is a collection of them that is displayed or arranged in a particular way. We visited the local markets and saw wonderful arrays of fruit and vegetables. N-COUNT: usu sing, N of n

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

a-ra': (1) labhesh, `aTah; periballo, enduomai, himatismos.

(2) `arakh, shith: "Array," composed of prefix "ar-" and "rai," "order," is used in two senses,

(1) in reference to clothing and

(2) in reference to the disposition of an army.

(1) (a) Labhesh is the most common Hebrew word meaning "to clothe," and is used in all cases but one in the Old Testament for "array" (compare Ge 41:42: Pharaoh "arrayed him (Joseph) in vestures of fine linen"; see also 2Ch 28:15; Es 6:9,11; Job 40:10; 2Ch 5:12).

(b) `ATah, meaning "to veil," "to cover," is once used. Nebuchadrezzar "shall array himself with the land of Egypt" (Jer 43:12).

(c) Periballo, "to throw around," is used 6 times in the New Testament. It is the word used of Herod's "arraying" Jesus "in gorgeous apparel" (Lu 23:11; the other references are Mt 6:29; Lu 12:27; Re 7:13; 17:4; 19:8).

(d) Enduomai, middle or passive of enduo, "to enter," means, therefore, "to be entered into" clothing. Once it is used in reference to Herod (Ac 12:21).

(e) Himatismos, "clothing," is translated once "array" = raiment (from same root). This is the only occurrence of "array" in this sense (1Ti 2:9).

(2) (a) `Arakh is the common word in the Old Testament, used in reference to the disposition of an army, and is translated "to put in array," "to set in array," the object being "the battle" or the army. The root meaning is that of orderly arrangement, and the verb is used in other senses than the military, e. g. arranging the table of shewbread. In 1Ch 12:33 the Revised Version (British and American) has "order the battle array" for the King James Version "keep rank," translation of Hebrew `adhar.

(b) Shith, "to set, to place," used once for battle array: "and the horsemen set themselves in array at the gate" (Isa 22:7).

S. F. Hunter

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

I. n. 1. Order, disposition, arrangement, collocation, marshalling. 2. Dress, fine clothes, elegant attire, rich garments. See apparel. 3. Exhibition, show, display. 4. Marshalled force, soldiery, troops, army, hosts, battalions. 5. (Law.) Panel, body of jurors. II. v. a. 1. Rank, range, arrange, place, dispose, marshal, set in order, draw up, draw out, set in line, set in battle, set in line of battle. 2. Dress, habit, attire, equip, accoutre, betrap, enrobe, robe, vest, invest, wrap, clothe, bedeck, deck, adorn, embellish, betrim, decorate, garnish, prank, bedizen, trick out, set off.

Moby Thesaurus

Indian file, adduce, adorn, advance, align, allege, allocate, allocation, allot, allotment, apparel, apportion, apportionment, armed force, armed service, army, arrange, arrangement, arranging, arraying, articulation, attire, bank, batch, beautify, bedeck, bedizen, bedizenment, bedrape, blazon, body, bring forward, bring on, bring to bear, bunch, bundle, bundle up, buzz, career soldiers, catena, catenation, chain, chain reaction, chaining, clad, clothe, clothes, clothing, clump, cluster, clutch, collation, collocate, collocation, color, compose, concatenation, concord, connection, consecution, constitution, continuum, cool off, costume, course, cycle, dandify, deal, deal out, deck, deck out, decorate, deploy, deployment, descent, dight, disposal, dispose, disposition, distribute, distribution, dizen, doll up, drape, drapery, dress, dress up, dressing, drone, dud, duds, embellish, emblazon, embroider, enclothe, endless belt, endless round, endue, enrich, enrobe, enshroud, envelop, enwrap, exhibition, exposing, fanfare, fashion, fatigues, feathers, fig, fig out, fighting machine, file, filiation, fix, fix up, forces, form, formation, formulation, furbish, gamut, garb, garment, garments, garnish, gear, grace, gradation, grade, ground forces, ground troops, guise, gussy up, habiliment, habilitate, habit, harmonize, harmony, hierarchize, host, hum, invest, investiture, investment, lap, lay out, layout, legions, line, line up, lineage, linen, lineup, lot, marshal, marshaling, methodize, military establishment, monotone, muffle up, nexus, normalize, occupation force, offer, order, ordering, organization, organize, ornament, pacify, paint, panoply, parade, paratroops, parcel out, peace, pendulum, periodicity, place, placement, plead, plenum, pomp, powder train, prank, prank up, preen, present, prettify, primp, primp up, prink, prink up, produce, progression, proportion, queue, quiet, quietude, rag out, rags, raiment, rally, range, rank, rank and file, ranks, recurrence, redecorate, redo, refurbish, regiment, regimentation, regular army, regularity, regularize, regulars, regulate, reticulation, robe, robes, rotation, round, routine, routinize, row, run, scale, sequence, series, set, set off, set out, set up, setup, sheathe, shine, show, showing, shroud, single file, ski troops, smarten, smarten up, soldiery, space, spectrum, sportswear, spruce up, standardize, standing army, storm troops, string, string out, structure, structuring, style, succession, swaddle, swath, swathe, symmetry, syntax, system, systematize, the line, the military, thread, threads, tier, tire, titivate, togs, toilette, train, tranquilize, tranquillity, trick out, trick up, trim, troops, uniformity, vestment, vesture, wear, wearing apparel, windrow, wrap, wrap up




 


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