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Antistrophe definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

ANTIS'TROPHE,'TROPHY, n. [Gr. opposite, and a turning.
1. In grammar, the changing of things mutually depending on each other; reciprocal conversion; as, the master of the servant, the servant of the master.
2. Among the ancients, that part of a song or dance, before the altar, which was performed by turning from west to east, in opposition to the strophy. The ancient odes consisted of stanzas called strophies and antistrophies, to which was often added the epode. These were sung by a choir, which turned or changed places when they repeated the different parts of the ode. The epode was sung, as the chorus stood still. [See Ode.]

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: the section of a choral ode answering a previous strophe in classical Greek drama; the second of two metrically corresponding sections in a poem

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Late Latin, from Greek antistroph?, from anti- + stroph? strophe Date: circa 1550 1. a. the repetition of words in reversed order b. the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses 2. a. a returning movement in Greek choral dance exactly answering to a previous strophe b. the part of a choral song delivered during the antistrophe antistrophic adjective antistrophically adverb

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. the second section of an ancient Greek choral ode or of one division of it (see STROPHE). Etymology: LL f. Gk antistrophe f. antistrepho turn against

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Antistrophe An*tis"tro*phe, n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to turn to the opposite side; ? against + ? to turn. See Strophe.] 1. In Greek choruses and dances, the returning of the chorus, exactly answering to a previous strophe or movement from right to left. Hence: The lines of this part of the choral song. It was customary, on some occasions, to dance round the altars whilst they sang the sacred hymns, which consisted of three stanzas or parts; the first of which, called strophe, was sung in turning from east to west; the other, named antistrophe, in returning from west to east; then they stood before the altar, and sang the epode, which was the last part of the song. --Abp. Potter. 2. (Rhet.) (a) The repetition of words in an inverse order; as, the master of the servant and the servant of the master. (b) The retort or turning of an adversary's plea against him.

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

n. Counter-song, response.


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